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Cambodia to the south and west of Vietnam in Indochina is a popular alternative to the People's Republic of China for investment and manufacturing by international firms.[1]

Garment industry

Cambodia, which in 2013 had a minimum wage of $80 a month, up from $60, is a favored location for Chinese sweatshops which produce garments for multinational brands which retail clothing in Europe and the United States.[2]

Sugar industry

Sugar plantations in Cambodia operated by the KSL Group, a Thai company, are alleged to have abused Cambodian farmers and workers. The KSL Group sells its sugar to Tate & Lyle, a British firm. This is an instance where title to all land is in the state which corruptly grants rights to private firms. Occupants of the land are then removed. In the case of Cambodia private title had been abolished by the Khmer Rouge. Tate & Lyle is a major supplier of sugar in Britain.[3]


  1. "Wary of China, Companies Head to Cambodia" article by Keith Bradsher in The New York Times April 7, 2013
  2. "Cambodia's textile workers hang by a thread under Chinese bosses: Western clothing brands profit from lower wages in Cambodia as tensions mount between Chinese factory managers and local garment workers" article by David Eimer in The South China Morning News 27 July, 2013
  3. "Tate & Lyle sugar supplier accused over child labour: Thai firm KSL Group accused, along with Cambodian government, of land grabs, forced evictions, arson and theft"; "Cambodia's sugar rush leaves farmers feeling bitter at 'land grab':Kate Hodal reports from Koh Kong, where villagers claim they are losing their livelihoods to plantations that supply Tate & Lyle" articles by Kate Hodal in The Guardian July 9, 2013