Neuris prisca (Vinedia)

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- Articulus provisorius in elaboratione -

Neuris prisca (Vinedia): Huius terrae nomen primum Hellenicum erat Neuris, postea Latine classico antiquo: Vinedia, atque mediaevalis Ruthenia Alba, etiam Neo-Latinae recentiores: Albarussia et Belorussia (Беларусь, - Belarus’). Id est nunc res publica in Europa orientali, cuius caput est Minsk (Neolat. 'Minscum').

Geographia brevis

Vinedia classica sive postea Ruthenia Alba est terra Slavica in Europa orientali. Terminos terrestres cum Ruthenia (Russia), Sarmatia (Ucraina), Sciria vel Lugia (Polonia) et Aestia (Lithuania) et Lettonia habet. Cacumen montis altissimus est Dziaržynskaja Hara, haud 345 metris supra mari elevatus. Civitatis flumina maxima sunt Danapris, Pripetius, Niemen, Duina, Buga, etc.

Historia brevis

Per antiquitatem classicam in ea terra gentes Neuroi et postea etiam Vinedi viverunt. Saeculis IX-XII territorium Rutheniae Albae pars Rutheniae erat, atque saeculo XIII pars Magni Ducatus Lituaniae facta fuit. Ab saeculo XVIII Ruthenia Alba erat Russiae pars.

Post detritum Imperii Russici (anno 1917) in Ruthenia Alba exsistebat Res Publica Ruthenica Alba Popularis (1918–1919). Anno 1922 cum Russia, Ucraina et Foederatione Transcaucasica Unionem Sovieticam formavit. Ab anno 1939, Ruthenia Alba occidentalis est Rutheniae Albae pars. Annis 1941-1945 durabat Bellum Magnum Patrium, quod Rutheniae Albae eversiones affecit.

Anno 1991, Unio Sovietica soluta est. Ruthenia Alba res publica sui iuris facta est. Anno 1994, Alexander Lukashenko praeses electus est.

Scientia et cultura

Linguae publicae sunt ambo lingua Belarus (Neolat. 'Ruthenica Alba' et etiam lingua Rossica.

Ruthenia Alba est patria multorum hominum scientiae et culturae emeritorum, quorum sunt e.g. poetae Janca Cupala et Jacub Colas, scriptores Vladimir Korotkevitz et Basilius Bycov, physicus Theodor Theodorov et multi alii.

Numerus civium

  • Populatio tota: 10 293 011 (2006)
  • Rutheni Albi 81,2%
  • Russi 11,4%
  • Poloni 3,9%
  • Ucraini 2,4%
  • Iudaei 1,1%
  • alia (Lithuani, Tatari, etc.)

Divisio administrativa

Rutheniae Albae regiones: Ruthenia Alba sex regiones (вобласць - voblast') includet i.e.

Nomina regionum Nomina metropolium

Regio Brestensis (Брэсцкая вобласць) Bressicia (Брэст) Regio Grodnensis (Гродзенская вобласць) Grodna (Гродна) Regio Homelensis (Гомельская вобласць) Homel (Гомель) Regio Minscensis (Мiнская вобласць) Minscum (Мінск) Regio Mohiloviensis (Магілёўская вобласць) Mohilovia (Магілёў) Regio Vitebscensis (Вiцебская вобласць) Vitebscum (Віцебск)

Summary

Belarus (officially: Republic of Belarus) is a country in Eastern Europe. About nine million people live there. Its capital is Minsk. It was part of the Soviet Union until 1991. The president of Belarus has been Alexander Lukashenko since 1994. It is bordered by Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania and Latvia. Over forty percent of its 207,600 square kilometres (80,200 sq mi) is forested. The State is a member of the UN, the CIS, Collective Security Treaty Organization, the Eurasian Economic Community, the Union State of Russia and Belarus (from 2 April 1997), as well as a member of other international organizations.

Until the 20th century, the lands of modern-day Belarus belonged to several countries. These included the Principality of Polotsk, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and the Russian Empire. After the Russian Revolution, Belarus became part of the Soviet Union. It was renamed the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (BSSR). The borders of Belarus took their modern shape in 1939. Some lands of the Second Polish Republic were added into it after the Soviet invasion of Poland. The nation and its territory were devastated in World War II. Belarus lost about a third of its population and more than half of its economic resources. In 1945 the Belarussian SSR became a founding member of the United Nations, along with the Soviet Union and the Ukrainian SSR.

The parliament of the republic declared the sovereignty of Belarus on 27 July 1990. During the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Belarus became independent on 25 August 1991. Over 70% of Belarus's population of 9.49 million live in the urban areas.[16] More than 80% of the population are ethnic Belarusians. Most of the rest are Russians, Poles and Ukrainians. The country has two official languages: Belarusian and Russian. The main religion in the country is Russian Orthodox Christianity. The second most popular, Roman Catholicism, has a much smaller following.

Ligaturae / Links

Referentia

Articulus valde fragmentarius, per licentiam GNU e Vicipaedia Latina: Ruthenia Alba transfertus (addenda desiderata).