Trafficking is sale and purchase of slave labor, usually in international commerce. The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000 (Pub. L. 106-386), as amended, defines “severe forms of trafficking in persons” as:
- Sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age, is child labor or under the age of consent; or
- The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.
Only a tiny portion, about 40,000 of the estimated 27 million persons trafficed annually, are identified and provided protection and services.
Notes and references
- Page 9 Trafficking in Persons Report 2013
- "Trafficking in Persons Report 2013" U.S. Department of State
- "TRICKED AND TRAPPED HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN THE MIDDLE EAST" ILO April 9, 2013
- "Why Slave Labor Still Plagues The Global Food System" article by Eliza Barclay on NPR June 20, 2013