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Trafficking is sale and purchase of slave labor, usually in international commerce. The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000 (Pub. L. 106-386), as amended, defines “severe forms of trafficking in persons” as:

The United Nations adopted the Palermo Protocol in 2000, The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (Palermo Protocol).

Only a tiny portion, about 40,000 of the estimated 27 million persons trafficed annually, are identified and provided protection and services.[1]

In certain Middle Eastern Gulf states, particularly Qatar, the Kafala system, gives immense power over migrant workers, (temporary contract labour).

Notes and references

  1. Page 9 Trafficking in Persons Report 2013

External links and further reading