Black left feminism
Black left feminism is described by the social theorist Erik McDuffie as,
a path-breaking brand of feminist politics that centers working-class women by combining black nationalist and American Communist Party (CPUSA) positions on race, gender, and class with black women radicals' own lived experiences. As coined by the literary scholar Mary Helen Washington, the term "black left feminism" describes the post-World War II literary work of black women radicals. In this book, I draw on, recast, and use this term as a conceptual framework for recovering a distinct radical black feminist politics and subject position forged by a small community of black women in the Communist Left during the Old Left period [1917-1956]. — Sojourning for Freedom, p 3.
American Black left feminists include: Audley "Queen Mother" Moore, Charlene Mitchell, Claudia Jones, Esther Cooper, Beulah Richardson (Beah Richards), Grace P Campbell, Bonita Williams, Hermina Dumont, Thyra Edwards, Sallye Bell, Angela Davis, and Williana Burroughs.
Travelling during the mid-20th century to the Soviet Union, Africa, and socialist and Pan-Africanist conferences in Europe, Black left feminists from the United States, many of whom also had Caribbean roots, developed contacts with women of colour from around the globe, creating what Erik S McDuffie has described as a "black women's international".
Erik S. McDuffie, Sojourning for Freedom, 2011.
- Some of these names are from the list in Erik S McDuffie 2011, p 3.