Ernesto "Che" Guevara (June 14, 1928 - October 9, 1967), otherwise known as "Che", was an Argentine Guerrilla Revolutionary, politician, author, physician, allergist, and revolutionary military leader. After he was killed by the CIA in Bolivia his name became extremely popular as a social counterculture symbol worldwide.
Guevara first realized his revolutionary tendencies when he traveled through Latin America and witnessed the extreme poverty in the area. His travels transformed his beliefs in the current systems and economical institutions which led to so much poverty and death in places like Latin America. His experiences led him to believe that the economical inequalities and injustice were a result of capitalist government and economy, neoliberalism, and imperialism especially that of the United States.
Ideologically Che was an anti-revisionist Marxist-Leninist. During the Sino-Soviet split, he was leaning more towards China and Albania. In November 1960, he insisted on depositing a floral tribute at Stalin's tomb even against the advice of the Cuban Ambassador to the USSR. He visited Pyongyang in 1965 and told the press that North Korea was a model to which revolutionary Cuba should aspire.
Che's intentions were clear, he wanted to overthrow the United States-backed military dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista who at that time shifted his focus from the United States and their relations to revolutionary groups such as the 26th of July Movement. Che played a very vital role in the overthrow of Batista and was celebrated as a guerrilla warfare hero.
After the Cuban revolution Che was sent on a travel across the world as a Cuban diplomat to seek in the interest of social Cuba. After writing an acclaimed memoir of his journey through South America he led a failed revolutionary attempt in Congo and later Bolivia where he joined the National Liberation Army of Bolivia and was captured by the CIA and murdered, at age of 39, as a threat to the United States government.
Mostly known for his opposition of the United States government and his ruthless guerrilla warfare style, Che stands as one of the most influential yet controversial figures in all of history.da:Che Guevara