Template:Infobox military conflict

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Infobox military conflict
Location {{{place}}}
[edit] [purge] Documentation icon Template documentation


Military conflict infobox

Battle of Lützen
Part of the Thirty Years' War
Battle of Lutzen
The Battle of Lützen by Carl Wahlbom shows the death of King Gustavus Adolphus on November 16, 1632.
Date November 6 (O.S.) or November 16,1632 (November 16,1632-November 16 (N.S.), 1632)
Location Near Lützen, southwest of Leipzig, Germany
51°15′N 12°08′E / 51.25°N 12.133°E / 51.25; 12.133Coordinates: 51°15′N 12°08′E / 51.25°N 12.133°E / 51.25; 12.133
Result Swedish victory
Protestant German states
Holy Roman Empire,
Catholic German states
Commanders and leaders
Gustavus Adolphus ,
Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar
Albrecht von Wallenstein,
Gottfried zu Pappenheim 
12,800 infantry,
6,200 cavalry,
60 guns
10,000 infantry,
7,000 cavalry,
24 guns
Casualties and losses
3,400 dead,
1,600 wounded or missing
3,000–3,500 dead or wounded

A military conflict infobox (sometimes referred to as a warbox) may be used to summarize information about a particular military conflict (a battle, campaign, war, or group of related wars) in a standard manner.

The infobox should be added using the {{infobox military conflict}} template, as shown below:

{{infobox military conflict
| conflict    = 
| partof      = 
| image       = 
| caption     = 
| date        = 
| place       = 
| coordinates = 
| map_type    = 
| latitude    = 
| longitude   = 
| map_size    = 
| map_caption = 
| map_label   = 
| territory   = 
| result      = 
| status      = 
| combatant1  = 
| combatant2  = 
| combatant3  = 
| commander1  = 
| commander2  = 
| commander3  = 
| units1      =
| units2      =
| units3      = 
| strength1   = 
| strength2   = 
| strength3   = 
| casualties1 = 
| casualties2 = 
| casualties3 = 
| notes       = 
| campaignbox =

Note: When using parameters, avoid the ambiguous abbreviation "N/A", and instead use "unknown" or "none". All subjective or qualitative judgements and numerical quantities or statistics must be cited to a reliable source (see WP:MILMOS#CITE).

  • conflict – the name of the conflict being described (e.g. "Battle of Lützen" or "World War I").
  • partofoptional – the larger conflict containing the event described in the article. For battles or campaigns, this should be the war during which the event takes place; for particularly large wars, this may include a theatre (e.g. "the Eastern Front of World War II"). For wars, the parameter may be used to link to a larger group of wars (e.g. the Italian War of 1521–26 to the Italian Wars). It may be necessary to insert "the" before the name of the war for proper grammar.
  • imageoptional – an image for the warbox. The image must be given in the form [[Image:Example.jpg|300px|alt=Example alt text]]; in particular, the thumb attribute must not be selected.
  • captionoptional – the text to be placed below the image.
  • dateoptional – the date of the conflict described. Convention is to give the actual date for battles and the years for wars, but this does not always apply.
  • place – the location of the conflict. For conflicts covering a wide area, a general description (e.g. "France", or "Europe", or "Worldwide") may be used.
  • coordinatesoptional – the location of the structure, given as a coordinate pair by using {{coord}} with display=inline,title.
  • map_typeoptional – the base map to be used for the location map, e.g. "Scotland"; see {{location map}} for more details.
  • latitudeoptional – latitude for placing the marker on the location map, e.g. "56.81".
  • longitudeoptional – longitude for placing the marker on the location map, e.g. "-2.68".
  • map_sizeoptional – width of the location map in pixels (px), e.g. "150"; defaults to: "220".
  • map_captionoptional – caption displayed below the location map; defaults to "Location within {{{map_type}}}", e.g. "Location within Scotland".
  • map_labeloptional – the label placed next to the marker on the location map.
  • territoryoptional – any changes in territorial control as a result of the conflict; this should not be used for overly lengthy descriptions of the peace settlement.
  • resultoptional – this parameter may use one of several standard terms: "X victory", "Decisive X victory" or "Inconclusive". The choice of term should reflect what the sources say. In cases where the standard terms do not accurately describe the outcome, a link to the section of the article where the result is discussed in detail (such as "See the 'Aftermath' section") should be used instead of introducing non-standard terms like "marginal" or "tactical" or contradictory statements like "decisive tactical victory but strategic defeat". It is better to omit this parameter altogether than to engage in speculation about which side won or by how much.
  • statusoptional – for ongoing conflicts, the current status of the conflict. This should not be used if a final result (above) is provided.
  • combatant1/combatant2/combatant3optional – the parties participating in the conflict. This is most commonly the countries whose forces took part in the conflict; however, larger groups (such as alliances or international organizations) or smaller ones (such as particular units, formations, or groups) may be indicated if doing so improves reader understanding. When there is a large number of participants, it may be better to list only the three or four major groups on each side of the conflict, and to describe the rest in the body of the article. The combatant3 field may be used if a conflict has three distinct "sides", and should be left blank on other articles. Combatants should be listed in order of importance to the conflict, be it in terms of military contribution, political clout, or a recognized chain of command. If differing metrics can support alternative lists, then ordering is left to the editors of the particular article.
    • combatant1a/combatant2a/combatant3aoptional – in cases where the parties significantly changed over the course of the conflict, these subsidiary fields may be used to provide additional rows for the combatantN fields (above).
    • combatant1b/combatant2b/combatant3boptional – additional row, as above.
    • combatant1c/combatant2c/combatant3coptional – additional row, as above.
    • combatant1d/combatant2d/combatant3doptional – additional row, as above.
  • commander1/commander2/commander3optional – the commanders of the military forces involved. For battles, this should include military commanders (and other officers as necessary). For wars, only prominent or notable leaders should be listed, with an upper limit of about seven per combatant column recommended. Ranks and position titles should be omitted. The {{KIA}} and {{POW}} templates may be included immediately after the names of commanders who were killed in action or surrendered and were taken prisoner, respectively. The commander3 field can only be used if the combatant3 field is set.
  • units1/units2/units3optional – the units or formations involved. If a large number of distinct formations is present, it may be better to reference an order of battle in the body of the article than to include the entire list in this field. The units3 field can only be used if the combatant3 field is set.
  • strength1/strength2optional – the numerical strength of the units involved.
  • strength3optional – if combatant3 is set, this is a third strength field identical to the two above; if it is not set, this is an alternate combined field for use where only the total participation in a conflict is known.
  • casualties1/casualties2optional – casualties suffered, including dead, wounded, missing, captured, and civilian deaths. Terms such as "dead" (or "killed"), "wounded", or "captured" should be used in place of abbreviations such as "KIA" or "POW".
  • casualties3optional – if combatant3 is set, this is a third casualty field identical to the two above; if it is not set, this is an alternate combined field for use where only the total casualties of a conflict are known, or where civilian casualties cannot be directly attributed to either side.
  • notesoptional – optional field for further notes; this should only be used in exceptional circumstances.
  • campaignboxoptional – optional field for appending a campaignbox template to the bottom of the infobox, which allows both boxes to float as a single element (useful if there are subsequent left floating images, which would otherwise not be able to float above the campaign box); the template must be specified in the format {{Campaignbox XYZ}}.


One common type of navigational template is the campaignbox template, which provides quick navigation among the battles in a campaign, theatre, or war (or, more rarely, among several campaigns or wars).

Template:Campaignbox Second Punic War Template:Campaignbox Punic Wars

The campaignbox should generally be included directly after the infobox template, if one is present:

{{infobox military conflict
{{campaignbox XXXX}}

Articles may include multiple campaignboxes (which are typically stacked following the infobox). The most common scenario occurs when two levels of campaignboxes are present; for example, an article about a battle can include both a campaignbox listing the battle itself and an "enclosing" campaignbox listing the campaign, theater, or war during which the battle took place. Similarly, an article about a war can include both a campaignbox listing the war (among a series of wars) and a campaignbox for the war itself, listing the battles that took place during it.

Creating campaignboxes

Existing campaignboxes may be viewed through the automatically generated category. If a new one is necessary, it should be named Template:Campaignbox XXXX, where XXXX is the name of the campaign (or a shortened form of it), and should use {{campaign}}, as shown below:

|raw_name = 
|name     = 
|battles  = 
|notes    = 
  • name – the name of the campaign or war, which should be linked to an article about the campaign if one exists. Dates should not be indicated unless needed for clarity. Note that long links may cause alignment problems; see the troubleshooting guide for a workaround.
  • raw_name – the actual name of the created template (i.e. "Campaignbox XXX"); this can be easily produced by using {{subst:PAGENAME}}.
  • battles – a chronological, en-dash separated list of battles and operations in the campaign, linked as [[Battle of YYYY|YYYY]]; non-breaking spaces ( ) should be used to ensure that multi-word names do not split over multiple lines.
  • notesoptional – any needed explanatory notes for the list of operations; this field should be used sparingly.

The use of special formatting (such as bolding or changes in font size) in the list of battles—particularly to mark battles as "important"—is generally discouraged; while there are a few cases where such approaches may be both helpful to the reader and sufficiently well-sourced that they do not constitute original research, they are both unnecessary and confusing in most circumstances. Similarly, dividing the list of battles into multiple blocks by inserting heading-like separations is not recommended in the average case; if such a division is needed, it is typically best accomplished by splitting the template into multiple campaignboxes.Template:Operational plan/doc