Difference between revisions of "Social democracy"

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{{distinguish|democratic socialism}}
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[[File:Red Rose (Socialism).png|thumb|The [[Socialist International]], descended from the 2nd International, is a worldwide federation of social democratic political parties.]]
[[File:Red Rose (Socialism).png|thumb|Logo of the [[Socialist International]], a worldwide organization of social democratic, [[democratic socialism|democratic socialist]], and labour parties.]]
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'''Social democracy''' is a [[democracy|democratic]] [[Marxism|Marxist]]<ref>''Chapter 1, "Marxism and the “Dictatorship of the Proletariat”" [http://www.marxists.org/archive/kautsky/1930s/demvscom/ch01.htm Social Democracy versus Communism]'' Karl Kautsky</ref> political tendency, a party. It has historically taken the position that the [[proletariat]] can achieve its goals peacefully in bourgeois-democratic states such as the [[United States]] and the [[United Kingdom]] which had universal suffrage.<ref>''Chapter 2, "Marxism and the “Dictatorship of the Proletariat”" [http://www.marxists.org/archive/kautsky/1930s/demvscom/ch01.htm Social Democracy versus Communism]'' Karl Kautsky</ref> Social democratic parties practice internal democracy and advocate open and democratic relationships with other communist tendencies. The need for clandestine organizing, centralization, and [[revolution]] was recognized in situations such as Czarist Russia, but rejected after socialist parties took power after the [[October Revolution]].<ref>''Chapter 4, "Lenin and the Russian Revolution of 1917" [http://www.marxists.org/archive/kautsky/1930s/demvscom/ch01.htm Social Democracy versus Communism]'' Karl Kautsky</ref>
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'''Social democracy''' is a [[centre-left]] [[socialism|socialist]]<ref name = "principles" >[http://www.socialistinternational.org/viewArticle.cfm?ArticleID=31 "DECLARATION of PRINCIPLES Adopted by the XVIII Congress, Stockholm, June 1989"] note that Marx is not mentioned, "The crimes of stalinism, mass persecution and the violation of human rights, as well as unsolved economic problems, have undermined the idea of communism as an alternative to democratic socialism or as a model for the future."</ref> political ideology. Social democrats until about the 1950s were reformists who believed that socialism could be achieved through electoral means, before eventually embracing liberal captialism. However, the majority of modern social democrats do not support the overthrowing of the bourgeois state and creation of the [[dictatorship of the proletariat]], or the bringing about of [[socialism]], and as such modern social democracy has been classified as a [[petit bourgeoisie|petit bourgeois]] ideology. Social democrats are often [[anti-communism|anti-communists]], and are considered by many Marxists to be more of a threat to socialism than other more right-wing ideologies.{{citation needed}}
  
 
Social democrats have held power in a number of capitalist countries, notably the United Kingdom and Scandinavian countries. Social democratic governments have sometimes [[nationalization|nationalized]] key national industries while maintaining [[mixed economy|mixed economies]] which maintained [[private property|private ownership]] of capital and private business enterprise. Social democrats also promote [[social welfare programs|tax-funded welfare programs]] and [[economic regulation|regulation of markets]].
 
Social democrats have held power in a number of capitalist countries, notably the United Kingdom and Scandinavian countries. Social democratic governments have sometimes [[nationalization|nationalized]] key national industries while maintaining [[mixed economy|mixed economies]] which maintained [[private property|private ownership]] of capital and private business enterprise. Social democrats also promote [[social welfare programs|tax-funded welfare programs]] and [[economic regulation|regulation of markets]].
  
Examples of social-democratic parties:
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== Notable social democratic parties ==
  
*[[British Labour Party]]
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*[[Democratic Socialists of America]]
 
*[[German Social Democratic Party]]
 
*[[German Social Democratic Party]]
*European Alliance of Progressives and Socialists
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*[[Socialist Party (France)]]
 
 
The [[Democratic Party]] in the United States is a [[coalition]] which incorporates significant elements of social democracy, including a few members of the [[Congressional Progressive Caucus]].
 
  
 
==Notes==
 
==Notes==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
  
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==External links and further reading==
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*''[http://www.palgrave.com/products/title.aspx?pid=489065 The Future of European Social Democracy: Building the Good Society]''
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**[http://www.amazon.com/The-Future-European-Social-Democracy/dp/0230290949/ Amazon listing]
  
 
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[[Category:Economic ideologies]]
 
[[Category:Economic ideologies]]
 
[[Category:Capitalism]]
 
[[Category:Capitalism]]
[[Category:Socialism|Democracy]]
 
 
[[Category:Political ideologies]]
 
[[Category:Political ideologies]]
[[Category:Social philosophy|Democracy]]
 
[[Category:Democracy]]
 

Latest revision as of 08:41, 21 April 2013

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The Socialist International, descended from the 2nd International, is a worldwide federation of social democratic political parties.

Social democracy is a centre-left socialist[1] political ideology. Social democrats until about the 1950s were reformists who believed that socialism could be achieved through electoral means, before eventually embracing liberal captialism. However, the majority of modern social democrats do not support the overthrowing of the bourgeois state and creation of the dictatorship of the proletariat, or the bringing about of socialism, and as such modern social democracy has been classified as a petit bourgeois ideology. Social democrats are often anti-communists, and are considered by many Marxists to be more of a threat to socialism than other more right-wing ideologies.[citation needed]

Social democrats have held power in a number of capitalist countries, notably the United Kingdom and Scandinavian countries. Social democratic governments have sometimes nationalized key national industries while maintaining mixed economies which maintained private ownership of capital and private business enterprise. Social democrats also promote tax-funded welfare programs and regulation of markets.

Notable social democratic parties

Notes

  1. "DECLARATION of PRINCIPLES Adopted by the XVIII Congress, Stockholm, June 1989" note that Marx is not mentioned, "The crimes of stalinism, mass persecution and the violation of human rights, as well as unsolved economic problems, have undermined the idea of communism as an alternative to democratic socialism or as a model for the future."

External links and further reading