Burmese "traditional study canon"

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For criticism see Criticism of Burmese "traditional study canon"

The Burmese "traditional study canon" (saṅ ruiā piṭakat) is the selection of volumes from the Pali Canon that are the set texts for the examination for the title of Dhammacariya, or Teacher of Religion (i.e. Theravada Buddhism),[1] organized by the Burmese monastic order and sponsored by the government.[2]

There are three volumes included, namely the first volume of each of the three pitakas or baskets that constitute one of the traditional ways of dividing up the Pali Canon (see Arrangement of the Pali Canon).

The Pali names of the volumes, together with the titles of the English translations published by the Pali Text Society, are as follows:[3]

  1. Parajika: Book of the Discipline, volume I and the first part of volume II
  2. Silakkhandhavagga: Dialogues of the Buddha, volume I
  3. Dhammasangani: Buddhist Psychological Ethics


  1. Friedgard Lottermoser, "Buddhist monastic education in Myanmar", in Buddhism in Global Perspective, ed Kalpakam Sankarnarayan, Ichijo Ogawa & Ravindra Panth, Volume 1, Somaiya Publications, Mumbai/Delhi, 2003, pages 248f
  2. The full text of the Pali Univerity and Dhammācariya Act, Act No. XLVII of 1950, can be found (in English) in Heinz Bechert, Buddhismus, Staat und Gesellschaft in den Ländern Theravāda-Buddhismus, Band III (Band XVII/3 der Schriften des Instituts für Asienkunde in Hamburg), Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 1973, pages 488-94
  3. the titles are given in various mixtures of Pali and Burmese in Lottermoser, loc cit, Bechert, op cit, page 489, and E. Michael Mendelson, Sangha and State in Burma, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, 1975, page 367