Countries by religion

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For criticism see Criticism of Countries by religion

This article groups the countries of the world by their largest religion. The section for each religion lists those countries where sources agree it is largest, subdivided according to whether it is an absolute majority. At the end are listed countries where sources disagree on which is the largest religion.

Christian

Majority

About 2/3 of the world's countries have a majority of at least nominal Christians. To simplify the article, these are not listed here. It should be understood that all countries not listed elsewhere belong here.

Largest but not majority

British Indian Ocean Territory, South Korea

Disputed as to whether majority or not

Angola, Australia, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic, Congo (Brazzaville), Cuba, Czech Republic, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Germany, Ghana, Guyana, Kenya, Latvia, Lesotho, Netherlands, Papua New Guinea, South Africa, Suriname, Swaziland, Switzerland, Tanzania, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Muslim

Majority

Afghanistan, Algeria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Gambia, Gaza, Guinea, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kirghizia, Kuwait, Libya, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mayotte, Morocco, Niger, Northern Cyprus, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Sahara, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Somaliland, Sudan, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, West Bank, Yemen

Largest but not majority

Burkina Faso, Kazakhstan

Disputed

Albania, Chad, Malaysia, Sierra Leone

Buddhist

Majority

Bhutan, Cambodia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand

Disputed

Laos, Vietnam

Hindu

Majority

India, Nepal

Disputed

Mauritius

Jewish

Majority

Israel

Chinese folk religion

Largest but not majority

Christmas Island, Singapore

Disputed

China, Taiwan

Ethnic/animist/primal-indigenous

These are terms used by various sources for roughly the same thing. Note that some other sources use the term "ethnic religion" in a broader sense, to include Hinduism, Judaism and Chinese folk religion.

It is not necessarily the case that any one ethnic religion is larger than all other religions.

Largest group but not majority

Ivory Coast

Disputed

Benin, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Mozambique

Disputed as to which is largest religion

Here are listed countries where sources disagree. The word "majority" in a heading indicates that some sources claim that religion is a majority, but does not exclude the possibility that other sources claim it is the largest religion but not a majority. The absence of that word indicates that no sources have yet been found that claim a majority.

Buddhist majority/"Other"

Japan ("Other" might mean Shinto, or perhaps Buddhism-cum-Shinto)

Buddhist majority/ethnic

Mongolia

Chondogyo/Juche majority

North Korea (Chondogyo is a modern Korean religion; Juche is North Korean Communism, regarded by some sources as a religion)

Christian majority/Muslim

Lebanon

Christian majority/Muslim majority

Bosnia-Herzegovina

Christian/Muslim

Nigeria

Christian majority/primal-indigenous majority

Botswana

Christian/Animist

Madagascar

Christian/Animist majority

Togo

New countries

The following countries are too new to be covered in the sources cited.

Abkhazia, Nistria, South Ossetia

Sources

  • David B. Barrett, George T. Kurion & Todd M. Johnson, World Christian Encyclopedia: a Comparative Survey of Churches and Religions in the Modern World, 2nd edn, Oxford University Press, 2001
  • Jonathan Fox, A World Survey of Religion and the State, Cambridge University Press, 2008
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