This article is about the country of Kuwait. For the capital city with the same name, see Kuwait City
|National motto: None|
|File:Map Kuwait location.png|
|Emir||Jabir Al Sabah|
|Prime minister||Saad Al Sabah|
- % water
|Independence||June 19, 1961|
|Time zone||UTC +3|
|National anthem||Al-Nasheed Al-Watani|
Main article: History of Kuwait
Kuwait has been a part of the Abbasid empire from the 8th century, and was later incorporated in the Ottoman Empire (16th century), where it was eventually granted some degree of autonomy as a principality; the current ruling family are descendants from these princes.
In 1899, growing British influence led to Kuwait becoming a British protectorate. This status ended with independence in 1961, by which time the discovery of oil had made the nation a wealthy one, attracting many immigrant laborers (which are not granted citizenship).
Main article: Politics of Kuwait
Chief of state is the Emir, a semi-heriditary title. The emir appoints the prime minister, which is currently the emir's crown prince. A council of ministers aids the prime minister in his task as head of government. The parliament, or Majlis al-Umma, consists of 50 members, who are chosen in elections held every four years. As Kuwaiti citizenship is very restricted, only 10% of the population is eligible to vote.
See also: al-Sabah Royal Family
Main article: Governorates of Kuwait
Kuwait is divided into 5 governorates (muhafazat):
Main article: Geography of Kuwait
Main article: Economy of Kuwait
Kuwait is a small, rich, relatively open economy with proved crude oil reserves of 94 billion barrels - 10% of world reserves. Petroleum accounts for nearly half of GDP, 90% of export revenues, and 75% of government income. Kuwait's climate limits agricultural development. Consequently, with the exception of fish, it depends almost wholly on food imports. About 75% of potable water must be distilled or imported. Higher oil prices put the FY99/00 budget into a $2 billion surplus. The FY00/01 budget covers only nine months because of a change in the fiscal year. The budget for FY01/02 envisioned higher expenditures for salaries, construction, and other general categories. Kuwait continues its discussions with foreign oil companies to develop fields in the northern part of the country.
Main article: Demographics of Kuwait
Main article: Culture of Kuwait
- Kuwait Information Office
- Kuwait News
- History of Kuwait
- Adapted from the Wikipedia article, "Kuwait" December 27,